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BC-DX 1465                                                   13 May 2021

ALASKA   Yes, KNLS Russian at 15-16 UT on new 9800 kHz, poor signal in
Irkutsk and Novosibirsk, but S=9+30 or -47 dBm powerful signal remotedly
in Kiwi-Net at Khabarovsk, Far East Russia.

9760 World Christian Broadc. 1500-1600 Chinese 100 300 Anchor Point tx1
ex9730 World Christian Broadc. 1500-1600 Russian 100 300 Anchor Point tx#2
now on 9800 kHz today May 5th.
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 5)

ALASKA   Very good signal of WCB KNLS The New Life Station in English
on 9695 kHz, May 4
0800-0900  9695 NLS 100 kW 270 deg to SoEaAS English tx#2
via SDR Half Moon Bay CA USA

Very good signal of WCB KNLS The New Life Station in Chinese
on 11875 kHz, May 4
0800-1000 11875 NLS 100 kW 285 deg to EaAS Chinese tx#1
via SDR Half Moon Bay CA USA

Very good signal of WCB KNLS The New Life Station in Russian
on 9695 kHz, May 4
0900-1000  9695 NLS 100 kW 300 deg to NoEaAS Russian tx#2
via SDR Half Moon Bay CA USA

At 0913 UT 9695 kHz again wrong frequency announcement for Russian
broadcast at 1500 UT
1500-1600  9730 NLS 100 kW 300 deg to NoEaAS Russian tx#2
instead of new freq. 9800 kHz.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 4)

AFGHANISTAN  With the departure of US forces from the country in September
the future of high power MW transmitters in the country installed and
maintained by the US is uncertain:

 621 kHz Khost (Tani) 200 kW - carries Deewa Radio and RFE Mashaal Radio
         between 0100-1900 UT.
1107 kHz Kabul (Pol-e Charkhi) 400 kW - carries Radio Afghanistan from
         0000-1930 UT.
1296 kHz Kabul (Pol-e Charkhi) 400 kW - carries VOA and RFE/RL between
         0030-1730 UT.
(BrDXC-UK 'Communication' direct  -  DX News - Short Wave Edited by
Dave Kenny-UK -  <news@bdxc.org.uk>  May 9)

ARGENTINA/USA   RAE Argentina to the World has published a new schedule
on their F_B page. Staff are still working from home because of the
pandemic, they are producing only one or two programmes a week, all
relayed via WRMI Florida-USA as follows:

English    0200 Thursday    5800 North America
Japanese   0800 Thurs & Sat 9455 North America & Asia
Chinese    0900 Thurs & Sat 9455 North America & Asia
Portuguese 0200 Wednesday   5800 South America
Italian    0200 Saturday    5800 North  America & Europe
German     1600 Mon & Thurs 7780 North  America & Europe
French     0200 Friday      5800 North  America & Europe

It's not clear what happens on other days of the week, but when I checked
9455 kHz at 0900 UT on Friday 30 April (it was barely audible anywhere
except on US West Coast SDRs) it started with an announcement in Chinese
then seemed to carry music for the rest of the hour.
(BrDXC-UK 'Communication' direct  -  DX News - Short Wave Edited by
Dave Kenny-UK -  <news@bdxc.org.uk>  May 9)

AUSTRALIA   Job at Reach Beyond for someone with a "heart to serve and
a sense of adventure".

Australia: On 15 April 2021, Reach Beyond Australia published a very
general job ad for someone with a "heart to serve and a sense of
"Based at our Kununurra facility in the beautiful Kimberley region of
Western Australia, this unique and exciting full-time staff position is
suited to someone with a heart to serve and a sense of adventure.

Reporting to the CEO, the General Manager will be responsible for
providing leadership, oversight and management, and be the primary liaison
between the Kununurra operations and the national office located in
Kilsyth, Victoria.

You will need experience in managing people, building relationships and be
able to provide spiritual leadership and pastoral care to staff and
volunteers, along with the ability to develop strategic partnerships and
opportunities in the local community. Experience in project management
would be an advantage but not essential.  In short, the position has
a strong emphasis on the value of relationship but can certainly be
'hands on' at times."

(via Dr. Hansjoerg Biener-D, wor May 7)

AUSTRALIA   A Visit to the Carnarvon Space and Technology Museum.
With Craig Seager.

On July 20, 1969, American astronauts Neil Armstrong (1930-2012) and Edwin
"Buzz" Aldrin (1930-) became the first humans ever to land on the moon.
About six-and-a-half hours later, Armstrong became the first person to
walk on the moon.

As he took his first step, Armstrong famously said, "That's one small step
for man, one giant leap for mankind."

The Apollo 11 mission occurred eight years after President John F. Kennedy
(1917-1963) announced a national goal of landing a man on the moon by the
end of the 1960s. I can still recall watching the event on the infant's
school hall black and white TV. It must have made an impression; that was
a long time ago, but these days sometimes things that only happened a week
ago elude my memory!

This event, and other landmark space missions such as the Gemini, Skylab
and other Apollo program launches utilised the OTC Satellite Earth Station
located at Carnarvon, on Western Australia's so-called Coral Coast,
approximately 900km north of Perth.

The town of Carnarvon is situated on the Gascoyne River, and oddity in
itself, as it only flows for roughly 120 days per annum. Yet, Carnarvon is
considered the fruit bowl of the west, boasting extensive banana crops and
other tropical food offerings. The fertile river looks like extensive sand
flats for most of the year, but actually holds considerable reserves in
aquifers within and beneath the sand, no doubt bolstered by the cyclonic
weather activity that occurs seasonally in the area.

Our scheduled stay in Carnarvon was only one night, and after an unplanned
extended detour to see the Pink Lake (Hutt Lagoon) near Gregory, it wasn't
until almost 11pm that we rolled into town. Dinner offerings in a service
station diner were then sought. Our accommodation in Carnarvon was
situated on a Mango farm, just to the south of town, and I had casually
suggested that I wouldn't mind checking out the old OTC facility before
driving off to the next destination in the morning. Imagine my surprise
when a midnight walk revealed the illuminated main dish, pretty much just
across the road from where we were staying!

The Carnarvon Tracking Station was commissioned in 1964 and operated for
11 years. It was the last earth tracking station to have contact with
space capsules before they left earth orbit, and also the last to make
contact before splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. At peak operation, it and
the nearby earth station (now the museum site) hosted over 200 employees,
and was a critical part of the infrastructure used by NASA.

The museum itself has a variety of exhibits, much of it relating to the
moon landing, including interactive displays that amuse young and old. It
is possible to lay in a space capsule reproduction and experience the
lift-off sequence as an astronaut would see it (whilst remaining firmly on
the ground!). Plenty of history information, bits of space ephemera, and
even chunks of space rock.

More relevant to ARDXC members, however, is some equipment from Radio
Australia's Carnarvon transmitting station, also housed in the museum.
This includes the antenna switching control console, and an auxiliary
500-Watt transmitter.

Carnarvon was pressed into service as a "temporary" facility in 1975 after
Cyclone Tracy destroyed RA's Cox Peninsular (Darwin) facility on Christmas
eve 1974. It housed a 250kW Brown Boveri transmitter, a 100 kW Harris unit
and later a Thomcast 300 kW. The station beamed into Asia, and remained on
air for more than 20 years!

If visiting the museum, say hello to Buzz, the resident cat, who appears
to sleep most of the day on the counter of the gift shop. He also has his
own social media presence!
(ADXN646.pdf ; "Australian DX News" magazine May 2021; wwdxc May 7)

BANGLADESH   4750 kHz  Bangladesh Betar (External Service), 1250-1258 UT,
on May 1. In English and mixing with CNR1; thanks to Dr. Hansjoerg Biener,
who on March 29, via WOR iog, first reported that BB Dhaka had corrected
their long standing audio problem.

Yes, heard today with clear audio; giving the history of Pakistan/
Bangladesh relations and about the 1974 agreement between them, as well as
the India/Bangladesh water agreement of 1975; at 1258 UT, with the closing
announcement to tune in again tomorrow and then the start of test tone.
Not very readable due to CNR1 QRM and VOI was not noted.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 1)

BRAZIL   11780[.009] kHz  Radio Nacional da Amazonia (Brasilia) at 2336 UT
in Portuguese with Brasopops and canned "Radiobras" IDs then a man and
a woman with talk at 2337 UT. - Fair to Good May 3
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

CHINA   9445 kHz  CRI from Hohhot. Russian to Siberia s/on 2300 UT,
NF (ex 7415? kHz). Weak signal here and mixed with co-channel Vo Korea's
KCBS. Checked with a KiwiSDR in East Russia and much stronger there, but
so was KCBS! Not a great freq choice by CRI!  March 30.
(Wagner; ADXN646.pdf May 7)

CHINA   Additional Voice of Jinling China info:

"Voice of Jinling Broadcasting Station. With the passing of time, we have
entered the era of passionate media integration. On the occasion of the
30th anniversary of the birth of the Voice of Jinling Radio Station, the
Voice of Jinling Network has met you.

On November 12, 1986, the Voice of Jinling Broadcasting Station came out
on the 120th anniversary of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's birth. "Serve wholeheartedly
for the reunification of the motherland and the revitalization of China,
and serve Taiwan compatriots with enthusiasm."

It became the mission of establishing Taiwan, which was advocated by
Dr. Sun Yat-sen. The "fraternity" spirit of communication between the two
sides of the strait has made the radio station's unique character and
style; for several years, in-depth cooperation with Taiwan's broadcasting
media has generated repercussions among the Taiwan compatriots, and its
characteristics of Taiwan, cultural, historical, and local characteristics
have formed the Voice of Jinling Brand image.

Entering the 21st century, the Voice of Jinling, looking to the world,
making friends with international peers, constantly updating its technical
means and program style, and successively establishing cooperative
relations with Chinese-language radio stations such as the United States
and Singapore, as well as China Radio International, and the Voice of
Beibu Gulf.

At present, the Voice of Jinling has grown into a radio station that
inherits the excellent culture of the Chinese nation and gathers
listeners from all over the world. Many broadcasting platforms have
worked together to depict a brilliant rainbow that connects Taiwan,
Hong Kong and Macao and communicates with each other at home and abroad.

The Voice of Jinling moves forward with the times. Radio to Taiwan is
adhering to the theme of continuing to promote the peaceful development
of cross-strait relations, and making unremitting efforts to realize the
Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation for
compatriots on both sides of the strait.

External broadcasting closely relies on the national "One Belt One Road"
development strategy, more shows the vivid scenes of Jiangsu's opening to
the outside world and economic and cultural development at the inter-
section of the One Belt and One Road, and tells the Jiangsu chapter of
China's story with a lively voice.

"The Moon on the Sea", "The New World of Literature and Art", "Blue Music
Field", "Fashion Materia Medica", "Jiangsu Broadcasting Hundred Anchors
Ode to Classics" and other programs, come from colleagues in various
business sectors of the Broadcast Media Center of Jiangsu Radio and
Television General Station (Group) The meticulously crafted, let us walk
with the audience and netizens at home and abroad in the time passing by
current affairs, culture, art and history.

The Voice of Jinling is broadcast on Jiangsu Broadcasting Network
<www.vojs.cn> , and the broadcast domain name of the Voice of Jinling
is  <jlzs.vojs.cn>

The Voice of Jinling communicates with you and me, the two sides of the
strait, and the world."

Program list:
Show time   Program
07:00-08:00 Health every day
08:00-09:00 Hundreds of Jiangsu Broadcasting Anchors Ode to Classics +
            Classic Music from Hong Kong and Taiwan
09:00-10:00 Bright Moon on the Sea + Chinese Fashion Puzzle Music Edition
10:00-11:00 Light and shadow
11:00-12:00 A stroll in the pear orchard
12:00-13:00 Bright Moon on the Sea + Chinese Fashion Puzzle Music Edition
13:00-15:00 Blue music field
15:00-16:00 Light and shadow
16:00-17:00 Hundreds of Jiangsu Radio Broadcasters Ode to Classics +
            Classic European and American Music
17:00-18:00 Bright Moon on the Sea + Chinese Fashion Puzzle Music Edition
18:00-19:00 Health every day
19:00-21:00 Blue music field
21:00-22:00 Bright Moon on the Sea + Chinese Fashion Puzzle Music Edition
22:00-23:00 Light and shadow
23:00-00:00 Hundreds of Jiangsu Radio Broadcasters Ode to Classics +
            Classic European and American Music.
Copy of my VOJ QSL is posted at


(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

6200 kHz  Voice of Jinling, *1228-1229* and *1230+ UT on May 7. Started
with their well known double sign on; on for about 25 seconds, then off
for about 43 seconds, then finally on to stay; in Chinese and EZL song.

Currently with nice clear reception, due to Xizang PBS (Tibet - Lhasa)
now being off the air here for temporary maintenance, which normally
causes some QRM for VOJL. Thanks to Wolfie for this item:

"RTC Kashgar-Kashi broadcast center of CRI, on refurbishing repair
action on April 15 til 29, 2021; acc mail from CRI Beijing German sce.

Maybe the RTC transmitter engineers solved the Kashgar work and now
moved to Tibetan CTB Lhasa-Baiding site for annual maintenance refurbish-
ing work ?
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews April 24)"

CUBA   Radio Havana Cuba 60th Anniversary and New 2-hour Format for the
English Service.
I have a QSL from them for reception on 12th April 1961 when they were
testing as La Onda Corta Experimental Cubana on 11770 kHz. In those days
I always tuned the dials before I left for school (that would have been
Junior High) and that morning they were suddenly there with a powerful
signal into New York. By the time they sent the QSL dated 16 May, they
were Radio Habana Cuba.
(Bob LaRose W6ACU, wor groups.io May 4)

CUBA   Bauta History, and others.
The Beginnings of Radio Habana Cuba by Jose Altshuler, Dr.Sc.

Technical Support.

The revolutionary administration that took charge of the country's
Ministry of Communications early in 1959 devoted itself to the task or
transforming the huge bureaucratic office at the service of petty politics
the ministry used to be into a technically oriented institution worthy of
the name.

At the beginning, while essentially preserving the original organization
in order to avoid disrupting the ordinary public services then provided,
the newly appointed Minister created a Telecommunications Advisory
Council, labeled Consejo Asesor de Telecomunicaciones and ordinarily
referred to thereafter by its acronym, C.A.T. Staffed mainly by a small
number of electrical engineers and technicians, and a larger number of
enthusiastic electrical engineering students, its original purpose was to
collaborate closely with the Ministry's technical vice minister in drawing
up whatever technical proposals were required.

The Telecommunications Advisory Council immediately devoted itself to
carrying out several studies with a view to updating the country's
notoriously obsolete telegraph system, establishing a national telex
system, and building an effective ship-shore radio communications network.

However, its first priority was to promote the initiative of setting up
two modern and efficient international shortwave radio communications
services (point-to-point and broadcasting), whose design and
implementation by the Ministry of Communications would be taken care of by
its staff until brought to fruition.

To begin with, preliminary calculations were made of the transmitter
powers, working frequencies and antennas required to establish reliable
radio communications between Cuba and different areas abroad [10, 11].
Also, an azimuthal equidistant map centered in Havana was carefully drawn
to help designing a suitable antenna field [18].

Contacts with appropriate manufacturing firms and evaluation of their
eventual proposals were put in the hands of C.A.T. personnel, who engaged
in technical and other related discussions with various possible suppliers
of high repute in their respective fields.

Two of them, Telefunken, from West Germany, and Brown Boveri from
Switzerland, claimed they were able to deliver immediately one 100-kW
shortwave transmitter. Members of the Cuban delegation to the
International Telecommunication Union conference which was then taking
place in Geneva were able to personally verify the claim by the Swiss

Apparently, the equipment it offered had been specially manufactured for
the Ethiopian government, who had backed off its original intention for
financial reasons. On November 10, 1959, the C.A.T. issued the first part
of a preliminary report on the installation of a shortwave transmitting
station in Havana [12], which emphasized the urgent need to seize the
opportunity and acquire at least one high power transmitter to provide an
effective broadcasting service, plus additional equipment to establish
reliable pointto- point communications links with Mexico, Venezuela and
other countries, if possible.

A proposal was made that the transmitter building and antenna field be
erected near the town of Bauta, on a plot of land some 25 km distant from
the main building of the Ministry of Communications in Havana, which was
accessed by fairly good roads and by electric power supply lines from two
different substations. It was also claimed that, if powerful enough, the
new radio broadcasting service would give the nation the ability not only
to spread the achievements and goals of the revolutionary process taking
place at home, but also to "rapidly inform listeners abroad, particularly
Cuban diplomatic personnel overseas, of any important events that might
possibly arise in our country, and be systematically distorted by foreign
news agencies [12]."

This turned out to be quite accurate, especially during the failed 1961
Bay of Pigs invasion and the 1962 missile crisis.

Parts II [13] and III [14] of the above mentioned report followed quickly,
with a proposal for the orientations of eight rhombic antennas for the
transmission of radio signals toward various areas of interest, and
tentative timetables for overseas broadcasting. Fig. 1 shows the azimuths
of the rhombic antennas erected [16].

To secure the required government approval and funding, the Minister of
Communications took the above proposals to the cabinet, where he had to
fight the opposition by some who objected that very few people would take
the trouble to listen to shortwave radio broadcasting. But in the end, the
merits of the proposals were not only accepted in principle but required
to be implemented more fully as well.

As a result, by the end of June, 1960, contracts were signed with five
well-known European manufacturing firms: Brown, Boveri & Co., N.V. Philips
Telecommunicatie Ind., Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Co., Siemens & Halske
AG, and Davey Paxman & Co. [2, 16]. Soon after, the C.A.T. became the
Engineering Section of the Ministry's newly created Direccion de
Telecomunicaciones (Directorship of Telecommunications).

Provisional Set-up. Two 100-kW and two 10-kW AM shortwave transmitters
plus the metal parts required to erect the transmitting antenna field,
suitable power transformers, and various accessories were acquired from
Brown Boveri according to the contract signed with the Swiss firm in
February 1960. One of the 10-kW units was rigged up in a 16-square-meter
hut near the place where the main building for the transmitting center was
under construction (Fig. 2), and connected to an improvised rhombic
antenna pointed at Caracas, Venezuela.

This installation was used to carry out a short cycle of experimental
broadcasting on 11 760 kHz, inaugurated on July 26, 1960. Ten weeks
earlier, a 50-kW highpower medium-wave radio station installed in Swan
Island, in the Gulf of Honduras, had started broadcasting towards Cuba an
aggressive disinformation and subversive propaganda campaign, covertly
operated by the CIA [17, 20].

At the end of October, 1960, the main building for the station was ready
to lodge the bulk of the equipment that had been stored elsewhere during
the previous five months. Installation of the first 100-kW transmitter was
then taken up by Cuban personnel under the supervision of a senior expert
from the Brown Boveri company, and completed in about four months
(Fig. 3).

Experimental broadcasting with this transmitter started around the middle
of March, 1961. It was tuned to 6 076 kHz and made to feed a provisional
antenna consisting of a folded dipole with 340o-160o maximum-radiation
azimuth, which was capable of covering important areas of the Western
hemisphere reasonably well [16].

On April 15, 1961, foreign B-26 bombers painted as if they belonged to the
Cuban Revolutionary Air Force, bombed airfields in Havana and Santiago de
Cuba by surprise, killing nine people.

This was immediately chorused by the international media as an attack by
defectors from the Cuban revolutionary army. The next day, Fidel Castro
exposed the untruthfulness of this allegation in his address to the
thousands of members of the national armed forces and militiamen who
attended the victims' funeral.

Among other things, he remarked that for the first time the country could
rely on its new radio facility to fight foreign media disinformation, so
that lots of people abroad could now directly access reliable information
supplied by Cuba. The spectacular confirmation of this by the defeat in
less than 72 hours of the then impending invasion, and the later
acknowledgment of the responsibility for it by the U.S. President, became
a credibility asset for the subsequent launching of Radio Habana Cuba.

Combining Shortwave Broadcasting and Point-to-Point Communications.

Radio Habana Cuba officially was inaugurated on May Day, 1961. By the end
of the year, the planned installation of the Bauta shortwave transmitting
center was nearly complete, after overcoming quite a few difficulties,
among them the loss of several pieces of equipment that were confiscated
by the American authorities when the ship that transported them to Cuba
stopped over in Miami.

The antenna field extended over 130 hectares. It included 8 rhombic
antennas having an average gain of 15 db with reference to a half wave
dipole in the same frequency ranges (4 to 12 MHz and 12 to 30 MHz), with
the main lobes of their radiation patterns positioned as indicated in Fig.
1. Two arrays with cardioid radiation patterns so oriented as to cover de
Caribbean area shared the field with the rhombic antennas and the
provisional dipole previously mentioned.

The building, conveniently located at a high point in the area to avoid
being flooded during the rainy season, harbored the four Brown Boveri AM
transmitters mentioned above, and three Siemens independent-sideband
transmitters, one 20/30 kW and two 10 kW.

A switching system was installed indoors to make it possible to connect
each transmitter to any antenna of a predetermined group. It was operated
from a desk in the main hall of the building which included a protection
system to prevent incorrect operations.

Specialized channels between the transmitting center and the Ministry of
Communications were provided by a Marconi multi-channel UHF link, while
two Brown Boveri UHF links were used for receiving from Radio Progreso
studios, in Havana, the programs to be broadcast.

A small emergency studio, furnished with Philips equipment for audio work,
was set up to make sure that shortwave radio broadcasting could carry on
should the center be totally isolated from the capital. A 625 kVA diesel
emergency- power-plant was installed to palliate eventual electric power
failures. Supervision and shielded laboratory rooms were also set up for
equipment monitoring, checking, testing, and repairing. Broadcasting to
central Europe was inaugurated on October 24, 1961 [16].

Needless to say, a full fledged shortwave receiving center had to be built
for working in conjunction with the appropriate Bauta transmitters and
establishing truly professional point-to-point communications with
different overseas stations.

Erected at a place called La Chorrera, some 5 km from the Ministry of
Communications' main building, it harbored 11 Marconi professional
receivers, and its antenna field included 9 rhombic antennas, mostly in
double space diversity operation, plus an inclined "V" antenna and
a biconic omnidirectional one.

A Marconi UHF link for 11 telephone channels, 12 telegraph channels, and
one service channel, all in duplicate, connected the receiving center with
the Ministry, in addition to a telephone cable and a microwave link [16].

The receiving center was conceived not only as an essential component of
the overseas point-to-point radio links, but also for general monitoring
purposes, and later on, for radio location.

Point-to-point radio communication was inaugurated with Prague on May 9,
1961, and a similar service followed soon after in partnership with the
Soviet Union [15]. Similar services with the United States continued to be
handled by the older companies.

Prensa Latina, the newly founded Cuban international press agency,
developed its own transmitting and receiving facilities with Chinese- and
US-made equipment, and established shortwave press circuits with offices
in various countries.

Impact on Engineering Training.
Considerable experience had been accumulated in Cuba before 1959 regarding
the commercial programming of nationwide radio broadcasting, but none at
all regarding international broadcasting, so that when the opportunity
arose, the C.A.T. invited a BBC specialist to come to Havana and enlighten
the appropriate personnel on the special characteristics of international
broadcasting, which he did [2].

The above, however, was only incidental to the task taken up by the C.A.T.
of creating suitable conditions for the training of engineers and
technicians able to take care of the technical operation and maintenance
of shortwave broadcasting and point-to-point communications equipment.

The revolutionary government established in Cuba early in 1959 soon
realized that the country must have some publicly owned radio
communications means capable of directly delivering a message overseas. In
less than two years time a modern shortwave transmitting center was set up
near Havana. It comprised a sizable directional antenna field, four
transmitters for overseas broadcasting, and another three for point-to-
point communications.

A separate receiving and monitoring center was also built. Prompted by its
own prospective need for trained personnel, the Ministry of Communications
sponsored, in 1960-1961, the inclusion of a full-fledged electronics and
telecommunications specialization within the Electrical Engineering
curriculum then taught at the University of Havana.

[1] Altshuler, J. (1960): Notas Sobre la Radiocomunicacion por Via
Ionosferica. Havana, C.A.T.

[2]       (1960): Recuento de la Labor de un Ano del C.onsejo Asesor de
Telecomunicaciones (1959-1960). Havana,
Ministerio de Comunicaciones /June.

[3]       (1993): Cuba. In Las Telecomunicaciones en Hispanoamerica,
Pasado, Presente y Futuro: 73-88. Madrid, AHCIET.

[4]       (1995): From Shortwave and Scatter to Satellite: Cuba's
International Communications. In A.J. Butrica (Ed.): Beyond the
Ionosphere: Fifty Years of Satellite Communication (NASA SP-4217): 243-
249. Washington D.C., NASA History Office, 1997.

[5]       (1997): La Telegrafia Sin Hilos en Cuba (1899-1916). Llull,

[6]       (2004): Cuba, Plataforma de Lanzamiento y Poligono de Pruebas de
la ITT. In El Telefono en Cuba, 1849-1959: 59-93. Havana, SCHCT- ETECSA.

[7]       (2006): La Reforma de 1960 en la Escuela de Ingenieria y los
Estudios de Electronica y Telecomunicaciones.
In Para una Historia de las Ciencias Fisicas y Tecnicas en Cuba: Ch. 7.
Havana, Ed. Cientifico-Tecnica.

[8] Altshuler, J. and Luis Torres, P. (1989): Cuando Nuestras
Comunicaciones Asaltaron el Cielo. Juventud Tecnica, (264/Nov.): 45-49.

[9] Buch, L. (1995): Mas Alla de los Codigos: Las Comunicaciones en la
Guerra de Liberacion. Havana, Ed. Ciencias Sociales.

[10] Consejo Asesor de Telecomunicaciones (1959): Potencias y Equipos para
Circuitos Internacionales. Havana, C.A.T., Ministerio de
Comunicaciones/August 10.

[11]       (1959): Frecuencias y Antenas para Circuitos Internacionales.
Havana, C.A.T., Ministerio de Comunicaciones.

[12]       (1959): Informe Preliminar sobre la Instalacion de una Estacion
Transmisora de Ondas Cortas en La Habana (I). Havana, C.A.T., Ministerio
de Comunicaciones /November 10.

[13]       (1959): Informe Preliminar sobre la Instalacion de una Estacion
Transmisora de Ondas Cortas en La Habana (II). Havana, C.A.T., Ministerio
de Comunicaciones /November 26.

[14]       (1959): Informe Preliminar sobre la Instalacion de una Estacion
Transmisora de Ondas Cortas en La Habana (III). Havana, C.A.T., Ministerio
de Comunicaciones /December 8.

[15] Editor (1974): Investigaciones Radiofisicas en Cuba. Comunicaciones,
(15):2 & 43.

[16] Luis Torres, P.W. (1962): Direccion General de Telecomunicaciones-
Comunicaciones Internacionales. Informe de Actividades del Ano 1961.
Havana, Ministerio de Comunicaciones /September 29.

[17] Manchester, W. (1975): The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History
of America, 1932-1972: 899. New York, Bantam Books.

[18] Nin Mesa, R. (1960): Un Mapamundi Acimutal-equidistante Cubano.
Ingenieria Electrica, 4(1/Jan-Mar):21-31.
{ Figure 1. Rhombic antenna azimuths for the Bauta transmitting station

(1961). azimuth in degrees
 17 Washington, Nueva York.
 41 Londres.
 53 Madrid.
125 Antilles, Trinidad, Suriname, Guyana.
137 Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo.
155 Buenos Aires.
168 Santiago de Chile.
260 Mexico / Panama. wb. }

[19] Sobel, R (1982): ITT: The Management of Opportunity: 34-35. New York,
New York Times Book Co.

[20] Wood, J. (1994): Subversion, Propaganda Broadcasting and the CIA. In
History of International Broadcasting, Ch. 26. London, Peter Peregrinus
Ltd. & Science Museum.

CUBA   Re:  Update on Radio Havana Cuba Programming.

Forgot to mention the Mailbag show: The Weekend Mailbag Show ran Monday
3 May 0000-0600 UT in Hour 2 at 20-minute mark, whilst on 10 May it was in
Hour 1 at 45 minute mark (and this week was a repeat of the previous
Wednesday show). The midweek mailbag show ran Thursday 6 May in Hour 1
at 35 minute mark.
(Alan Roe, Teddington-UK, wor May 10)

Thanks Richard,
I also have been monitoring the new schedule, which it appears is
still settling down. The first airing of the day's programmes are at
1900 UT when Hour 1 is heard (confirmed last week via a WebSDR).
I'm not sure at the moment which hour's programming is heard at 2300 UT.
Here are my observations of the new programme schedule (derived, I'm
sorry to admit, by reference to the RHC podcasts at


The Jazz Place: Sunday 2 May 0000-0600UT, the new 30 minute edition of
"The Jazz Place" ran in Hour 2 at the 30-minute mark, whilst on Sunday
9 May 0000-0600UT it was heard in Hour 1, also at the 30 minute mark.

"Music with a Message" ran on Monday 3 May 0000-0600 in Hour 1 at the
40-minute mark, but the following week was a day earlier on Sunday 9
May 0000-0600 in Hour 2 at the 40-minute mark.

"Focus on Africa" (featuring the music of Africa) ran Tuesday 4 May
0000-0600 in Hour 2 at 30-minute mark, and it appears also to be in
Hour 2 this week, but at the 45 minute mark.

Finally, there's a new music-related programme called "Cuban Music and
Musicians" which ran Monday 3 May 0000-0600 in Hour 2 at the 40-minute
mark and Monday 11 May, also in Hour 2, but at the 90-minute mark.

I am compiling a full schedule of RHC's English programmes which I'll
post once I'm sure that the new programme schedule has settled down
(or maybe it will always be variable!)
(Alan Roe, Teddington-UK, wor May 3 - 10)

CUBA   As remarked by me here last week, RHC has gone to two-hour seg-
ments for its English broadcasts to North America on 6000 kHz between
(nominally) 00:00 UTC and 06:00 UTC starting on 1/2 May, the
anniversary of RHC. Glenn questioned if this was a temporary measure
associated with the anniversary or permanent. While I haven't checked
every day since, I did record RHC on 6000 kHz last Saturday night and
early Sunday morning (8/9 May UTC). The carrier came on at about
00:04 UTC (9 May) and audio started at about 00:08 UTC.

The transmitter then went off between about 00:57 and 01:01 UTC with
audio not returning until about two-and-a-half minutes later. While
the carrier was off I could hear suspected Iran with scheduled
programming in Tajik. After the outage, RHC stayed on 6000 kHz until
about 06:01 UTC. They are still doing two-hour segments, with the
first hour at 00:00, 02:00, and 04:00 UTC and the second hour at
01:00, 03:00, and 05:00 UTC. In between the first and second hours,
they play the RHC IS (orchestral version) followed by an ID in
English (they mistakingly used Spanish for at least one ID on 2 May.

With the move to two-hour blocks, the Sunday (UTC) music shows "Jazz
Place" and "Music with a Message" are now weekly features rather than
alternating every other week. "Jazz Place" started at about the
30-minute mark in the first hour, running until about the 58-minute
mark. So it's been extended (at least this time) to about half an
hour. "Music with a Message" started at about the 38-minute mark and
ran to about the 58-minute mark in the second hour. Alan Roe might
want to take note of these new timings for the two music shows.
(Richard Langley-NB-CAN, wor May 10)

CZECHOSLOVAKIA / CZECH REPUBLIC  history - 76 years since Battle for
Czech Radio sparked Prague Uprising.

Radio Prague piece about the May 1945 uprising at Czech Radio ...


(Kim Elliott-USA  kd9xb, wor May 6)

E'SWATINI  [former Swaziland]  13580 kHz  TWR Africa, Manzini site, Arabic
Juba, on April 30 at 1535 UT. A Christian programming, message by male
voice. 25542. Tx w/5 degrees Azimuth to Northeastern Africa.
(Rudolf-Grimme-SP-BRA, hcdx April 7)  exact 13579.952 kHz May 7 16.15

E'SWATINI  [former Swaziland]   9585 kHz  TWR Manzini. *1453-1500+ UT on
April 18. IS/ID loop ("This is T-W-R, broadcasting from eSwatini"), quick
hymn & into French programme. CRI (Xianyang) in Japanese opens 1500 UT,
but tends to be well in the background.
(Sheedy; ADXN646.pdf May 7)

FRANCE   9490.035v kHz  UNSTABLE  Radio Republica signal wandered from
TDF Issoudun France site tonight, at 01.32 UT on May 07.

... long decade lasting Jeff White FMO 'veiled' radio service outlet on
shortwave in Spanish of Radio Republica, program originate from Miami
Florida Latin emigrants, at nighttime, back to Latin America / Caribbean
/ Florida back lobe on shortwave.
S=9+25dB in FL, NJ, NY, MA remotedly monitored, mostly on odd channel
9490.035 kHz,
wandered up and down some 15 to 20 Hertz; on apart distance ofx.024 to
x.044 kHz on upper sideband.

Checked on various North AM SDR units tonight.

Seemingly broadcast sce on shortwave via older {much cheaper-rent listed}
Issoudun antenna 'E / F' antenna leg units, erected of the late 80ties /
early 90ties, before 250 / 500 kW powerhouse ALLISS era units came into
service from 1996/97 onwards.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

GERMANY   13800  QSL "Voice of the Andes" radio studio "Revelation".
10. April 2021, 15.29-15.59 UT, 13800 kHz MBR Nauen, Germany site.
(Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

9500 kHz  QSL  HCJB Radio Otkrovenie (via MBR Nauen Germany site).

HCJB Radio Otkrovenie, transmitting from MBR Nauen (Germany), was received
on 27 February 2021. A Russian language broadcast was monitored from 15.45
UT till 16.00 UT. Reception on 9500 kHz rated a SINPO of 44544 - good
signal strength, clear audio content despite moderate atmospheric noise.
Reception report was emailed to various contacts. A QSL, pocket calendars,
bookmark and personalized letter was received on 5 May 2021.

RX: Tecsun S-2000 and Alinco DX-R9T ANT: Passive Loop: QTH: Malaysia
(T.L.Breyel, Malaysia, <https://shortwavedxer.blogspot.com/>  via
(Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

GERMANY   15265 kHz  BVB via MBR Nauen Germany, at 1430-1500 UT, May 08,
BVB, English, David Robinson, 1445 UT Christ Gospel Broadcast 25333.

The number of English broadcasts of Bible Voice via Germany has been
declining constantly over years. On the occasion of an audibility project
about religious broadcasts, I was able to write a reception report to
BVB, which has been a non-verifier for me. The 30 minutes I reported on
featured the usual US American revivalist theology but no yelling. It was
interesting to note a BVB disclaimer at the end of the block that BVB does
not take any responsibility for the content of the programmes.

1400-1430 15265 kHz (250 kW, 102 degr) 1st Sat English
1430-1500 15265 kHz (250 kW, 102 degr) Sat     English
(Dr. Hansjoerg Biener-D, wor May 8)

GERMANY/CANADA   some BVB broadcasts monitored:
Bible Voice Broadcasting
P.O.Box 95561
Newmarket, ON,  L3Y 8J8,  Canada


is a major customer of Media Broadcast, which sometimes also arranges
airtime at other locations. The broker for religious broadcasts has the
following summer schedule towards the Near and Middle East for 2021 from
MBR Nauen broadcast center:

0500-0515 UT 9735 kHz (250 kW, 120  degr) Fridays only, Arabic - English
May07 9735 kHz 0500 UT, May 07 BVB / Voice of Preaching the Gospel 35433
HjBi. Voice of Preaching the Gospel, P.O.Box 15013, Colorado Springs,
Colorado 80935, USA.  <hope@vopg.com>  <https://www.vopg.org/>  (!)

1815-1915 UT 9635 kHz (250 kW, 6:30 p.m. 125 kW, 130 degr) Suns English
May09 9635 kHz 1830 UT, May 09 BVB / Betty Jean Nutter 35444 HjBi.

On Mother's Day, you could listen to the second part of a Mother's Day
program Mother's Day - Who Can Find A Virtuous Woman with
Betty Jean Nutter (Victorious Christian Living). According to the announ-
cement, she has been in evangelistic service since 1970 year. There was no
direct website on the internet, but the announced

"Worldwide Victorious Life Bible Tape Ministry
c/o Betty Jean Nutter
P.O. Box 423
Morton, IL 61550  USA "

helped in the investigation. On the one hand, there were a number of obi-
tuaries calling for donations for this work. At


however, there was a dramatic warning against Betty Jean Nutter. Her mani-
pulative nature was said to have destroyed many marriages and families.
(Dr. Hansjoerg Biener-D, May 9)

GREECE   Terrible audio distortion on 9420 kHz May 8 from 18:00 UT onwards

I also noticed this problem on several days earlier this week.
Transmitter trouble or maybe a bad audio feed. VOG audio via the
internet and Hotbird satellite excellent as usual.
(Alan Holder  G4ZBH, Isle of Wight, U.K., wor May 8)

Re:  Voice of Greece Avlis 9420 kHz on May 10.
No signal on 9420 kHz via the University Eschede Twente SDR at a 0415
check UT May 10. I have been hearing it during some checks the past
couple of weeks. Has been erratic for quite some time.
(Stephen Luce-TX-USA, wor May 10)

Yes Stephen, checked VoGreece 9420 kHz (also various Suns extended times),
nothing on air yesterday from Avlis Greece, their transmitter seems
defunct since Saturday May 8th.

On same channel heard fair to medium signal here in Europe and Mediter-
ranean area from
9420 CNR in Uyghur via Lingshi RTC center #725, sched at 10.58-18.05 UT.
(10.00-10.57 UT time on 15390 kHz instead).

Listen to the ERT Greek international radio program at 22.12 UT
on May 10-UTC, S=9+45dB or -28dBm on

9420.003 kHz.

Distortion same like on US RFE 250 kW ORIGINATE Continental unit,
observed here in Europe in 2004 to 2017 year era.

listen to the 9420.003 kHz in AM mode, S=9+40dB or -34dBm
via Switzerland KIWI_net receiver
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 10 / 11 / 12)

Checked 9420 kHz outlet channel now at 19.34 UT May 11 in various Kiwi-Net
SDRs in western Europe and U.K. at  S=9+40  -34dBm level measured
in SUI, GER, BEL, HOL, and GB too.

Typical Balkan flute folk music played tonight.
Two x 100 kW Marconi shortwave units of 1996year are still out of service
now at present.

Looks like the 3rd {used} 250 kW Continental unit from former US IBB RFE
Portugal GLORIA site is now in use again - with distorted audio kind.
Moved-in from Portugal to Avlis in 1998 year, and appeared real in service
later in December 2004.
250 kW former US Continental unit worked by 70 kW of power only.

Old Greek chap Babbis:
In an e-mail dated Febr 27, 2004
"Dear John: In Avlis is 2 x transmitters 100 kW and 1 x 250 kW where it
works 70 kW. Babis."

And same happened in July 15, 2017:
GREECE   9420.005  Voice of Greece, Helenic Radiophonia Avlis, for the
FIRST TIME since months, - using the 3rd FAULTY Continental 250 kW
transmitter this July 15 !!  HEAVY BUZZ AUDIO annoying, at 0445 UT on
July 15, music program from the 30ties of the past century played.
Either sideband, 20 or more terrible buzzy audio peak strings visible,
11 kHz wideband signal block.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews July 15, 2017)

GREECE   Re:  Voice of Greece 9420 kHz - re  quite distorted:
Yes, same bad DISTORTION audio performance of Avlis bcast center
tonight at 22.17 UT on May 11, like noted/heard on Saturday May 8 also.

And also on upper side around [from 9414 to} 9444 kHz some (Turkish?)
OTHR signal noted.
9420.003 exact measured, VoGreece Avlis
at 22.18 UT some Argentinian Spanish singer in performance,,

some 100, 200, 300, 400, and 550 Hertz <<<< apart distance BUZZ strings
- like a 'garden fence' seen either lower/upper sideband.
S=9+50dB POWERHOUSE much, much strong signal out of Greece.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 10)

Re:  Greek Radio from Avlis totally audio distortion also May 11
at 19.34 UT.

Yea. The 35 year old Continentals are nearly as worn out as the 50 year
old Marconis ... parts may no longer be available.
(Arthur Pozner, wor May 12)

I was listening to 9420 kHz on May 11. Transmitter on air at 1748 UT with
distorted audio for a few seconds. Then "open carrier" with no modulation.
Programming of music started very late at 1845 UT, again with bad

At 0630 UT on May 12, the distortion was not so bad, but was still
noticeable. I have e-mailed Voice of Greece about this. I hope they will
sort out this problem.

I believe that the 2 x 100 kW transmitters at Avlis are the old Marconi
B6123 units installed in 1972. They are probably no longer in a good
condition to be used. Only the 250 kW (ex. Gloria Portugal) is a
Continental type (419F).
(Alan Holder, G4ZBH, Isle of Wight, U.K., wor May 12)   Thanks Alan !

INDIA   AIR 13710 ?
I've been watching 13710 kHz over the past week for signs of AIR. From any
published schedule info I can find, it indicates that they start at 2345Z
in Mandarin and end at 0115Z S/O. Usually what I hear is CRI in Mandarin
with a couple of other weak signals beneath. No databases indicate CRI
should be there at this time but it is.

I often find a station there before 2345Z such as this one on May 05 at
2344Z. It was in English, talking of Covid_19 in India when at 2345Z it
suddenly went silent in mid-sentence. After ~ 30 seconds they started
again, this time in Mandarin so I'm wondering ... was this AIR in
Bangalore in Mandarin as well as in English?

<https://www.qsl.net/ve7sl/AIR.mp3>  <http://ve7sl.blogspot.ca/>
WEB - "The VE7SL Radio Notebook".  VE7SL BLOG - "Homebrewing and
Operating Adventures From 2200m to Nanowaves":
(Steve McDonald-BC-CAN  <ve7sl@shaw.ca>  wor May 7)

INDIA    Unscheduled All India Radio External Service in English on
15030 kHz, May 7

till 1215 UT 15030 BGL 500 kW 240 deg to EaAF English,
             unscheduled before 1215 UTC
1215-1217 UT 15030 BGL 500 kW 240 deg to EaAF
             All India Radio External Service IS
1217-1315 UT 15030 BGL 500 kW 240 deg to EaAF
             Swahili+jamming via SDR Tambov, RUS remotedly.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 7)

INDIA   AIR Swahili sce noted on 15030 til 13.15 UT, at 13.02 UT May 09
S=6-7 sidelobe of 240degrees azimuth in BEL and UK,
S=9+5 in Switzerland and Greece,
but also accompanied of UNIDENTIFIED UTE service digital data signal
in 15010 to 15097 kHz ITU aircarft radio flight radio traffic band,
carrier seen on 15030.895 kHz in Qatar and Europe SDR's remotedly.

Mauno's Kiwi screen display in Finland show
"wide multi tone modem" on 15030.03 kHz in flight radio traffic range.
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

INDIA   Unscheduled 4 minutes of All India Radio English Service on
11559.8 kHz, May 10
1041-1045  11559.8v DEL 100 kW  102 deg to CeAS English,
good via SDR Novosibirsk-RUS KIWI_net remotedly.
1045-1200  11559.8v DEL 100 kW  102 deg to CeAS Tibetan,
as scheduled in Summer A-21.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 10)

INDONESIA   3325 kHz  Voice of Indonesia, via Palangkaraya, with rare
reception on May 3. At 1043 UT, already on the air; normally starts about
1100 UT; also rare to have audio today, in English till 1100 UT; into
stilted Chinese with the news; 1211 UT, after the news in Japanese, the
usual patriotic song "Bagimu Negeri" (For You Our Country); 1300 UT, intro
to English; "National News" (Indonesia has just received a large shipment
of beef from Brazil, etc.) and "moving onto the International News";
commentary about projected figures for future carbon emission reductions.

1315 UT, "Today In History" (this date in 1973, Australian Patrick White
won the Nobel Prize in Literature; this date in 1985, Ellyas Pical, was
first world boxing champion from Indonesia; this date in 1993 year,
UN proclaimed the first World Press Freedom Day); better than
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 3)

INDONESIA   4749.95 kHz  VOI  Cimanggis/Jakarta. 1200-1218 UT on April 12.
Unusual reception; clearly able to hear VOI (Japanese) mixing with CNR1
(Chinese); this was possible as Bangladesh had not started yet.

3325 kHz  via Palangkaraya, was heard with a strong carrier, but no trace
of any audio today. Apr 14, again had positive VOI reception 1311-1314 UT,
with distinctive national song "Bagimu Negeri," after the news in English;
mixing with China and Bangladesh's test tone (BB IS started at 1314 UT and
time pips at 1315 UT); today heard very decent carrier on 3325,
but no trace of any audio.

? Japanese at 1240 UT, into English at 1300 UT. Weak signal under the
stronger co-channel outlets of CNR 1 via Hailar and the badly distorted
Bangladesh Betar.
(Wagner-AUS, ADXN646.pdf April 21)

auf Mittelwelle Lisnagarvey.

Spaetestens seit gestern 08. Mai 2021 kommt auf Mittelwelle 1341 kHz aus
Lisnagarvey bloss eine Sendeschleife wo gesagt wird das BBC Radio Ulster
nicht mehr auf dieser Frequenz sein Programm ausstrahlt. Es wird darauf
hin gewiesen dass keine Sorge besteht und man verweist auf zahlreiche UKW
Frequenzen, Digitalempfang, Empfang ueber Fernsehen und Internet.
Heute habe ich ueber SDR Empfaenger auch die 873 kHz und 792 kHz ueber-
prueft mit aehnlichen Sendeschleifen jeweils fuer diese Frequenzen

Hier noch eine kleine Nostalgie meinerseits. Bis letzten Sonntag (2. Mai)
habe ich noch abends ab 21:00 UT die Sendung Sunday club mit John Bennett
gehoert. Irgendwann vor einigen Jahren habe ich diese Sendung entdeckt als
ich Sonntag abends von Ansbach nach Stuttgart fuhr und dort auf meinem
Weltempfaenger vor dem Schlafen gehen diese auflockernde Sendung durch die
Musikgeschichte der Schlagers der vorigen Jahrzehnte angehoert hatte,
bevor ich dann am naechsten Tag  mich wieder in den Arbeitsalltag stuerzte
(Erich Bergmann-D, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

ITALY   IRRS plans for longwave 207 kHz.
Update from Christian Ghibaudo on Yduns MW Info yesterday:
Here some informations about IRRS on LW 207 kHz. The site is the same as
918 kHz. It's in Italy, in Villa Estense near Padova. The broadcaster
is AM-Italia (ex Radio Challenger)


So future plans on 207 kHz with 300 meters antenna and possibly 1 kW.
Actually IRRS is on 918 kHz from 1700 to 2100 UTC.
(Mike Barraclough-UK, BrDXC-UK groups.io May 4)

JAPAN   Sony 75 Jahre - 75 years


KOREA D.P.R.   11710 kHz  Voice of Korea Kujang site at 1028 UT with
patriotic marches and soprano vocals introduced by a woman then a man
introducing stringed instrumentals at 1038 UT then soprano vocals and
a man with closing announcements and sked at 1054 UT re-check - Fair at
first rising to Very Good May 4.
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

KOREA SOUTH - REP OF     KBS World Radio Seoul.
The program "Sunday Journal". Heading "Mail of the week".

Our monitor Roman Novikov from Orel writes: At a frequency of 9645 kHz in
central Russia, there is still a front of noise. Therefore, the signal is
almost inaudible. There are days when the signal score is slightly better
than the "three" score, but usually nothing but noise is heard.

Roman, thank you very much for monitoring our programs and reporting.
The 9645 kHz frequency is generally not intended for central Russia. It is
for the Urals, Siberia, the Far East and Central Asia. If there is at
least some audibility in the European part, that's not bad.

Roman Novikov continues: At a frequency of 9820 kHz, the signal goes
through the UK to a grade of "four". There are also noises. But here's
what I noticed (compared to radio stations broadcasting on adjacent
frequencies): it seems that Woofferton-UK uses a lower transmitter power.

Voice of America from Africa beats at 4-5 and from the UK KBS goes at 3-4.
It looks strange. Although I understand that everything depends on the
propagation of the radio signal and on atmospheric noise. The receiver
shows the signal level from Wufurton at 4, but the sound is very quiet.

Roman, we did a little investigation by writing a letter to the radio
center in Woofferton-UK informing us that the transmitter power at 9820kHz
is too low. We were told that the transmitter signal covers the Baltic
countries best of all - Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, northwest Russia,
Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova.

If the transmitter is reconfigured, the reception quality there will
deteriorate. However, in Russia, the reception is also different - in
Moscow, the audibility is generally good, in the Moscow region it happens
in different ways. Although Ukraine is in the zone of confident reception,
it also happens in different ways.


(via Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

KOREA SOUTH/REP OF    5857.48 AM   HLL2 Seoul, 1005-1012 UT on May 7.
With English weather info from various observatories in Asia (Shanghai,
etc.) providing wind direction, wind speed in meters per second, air
pressure in hectopascals, temperature in Celsius; mostly fair; heard daily
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

KOREA SOUTH / REP OF   9785 kHz  KBS World Radio, Kimjae bcast center.
English to SoAS s/on 1400 UT, NF (ex 9630 kHz). Probably not the smartest
move! CRI-Kunming already "owns" this channel for their Thai and Lao
services. Heavy co-channel QRM here and from remote SDRs in SoAS and
SoEaAS until CRI s/off at 1530 UT. There are definitely other vacant
channels for KBS to inhabit! April 4
(Wagner; ADXN646.pdf May 7)

9785 kHz TERRIBLE radio program MIXTURE at 14.30 UT May 11.
CHN  9785even CRI Laotian language section via Kunming-CHN, 14.30-15.27UT
CHN  9785even CNR8 Beijing too.
KOR  9784.995 KBS Kimjae, S=9 in Hiroshima and Tokyo Japan remotedly.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

LAOS [non-log]  6130 kHz  LNR Vientiane. Recently emailed the Director
General of Lao National Radio (Phosy Keomanivong), saying in part:
"For a long time now I have noted the absence of LNR on SW. I hope that
you will again be able to transmit on 6130 kHz in the near future.
Your presence on SW is greatly missed!"

No reply yet. Thanks to Mauno Ritola, for his encouragement to contact
LNR. Now with the temporary absence of Xizang PBS (Tibet - Lhasa), it
is especially clear that LNR is not broadcasting on 6130.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 8)

MADAGASCAR   6180 kHz. Thur, May 6, at 0317-0327 UT. La Voz Alegre,
from MWV New Life Station, Mahajanga, Madagascar, in Spanish.
A song; 0318 UT Man talks about biblic theme "The apocalypse". Very good
(Jota Xavier-Paraiba-BRA, hcdx May 6)

MOLDOVA  {Pridnestrovie}  Very good signal of Trans World Radio India
via Radiotelecentr (PRTC) transmitter Grigoriopol Maiac on May 2
1545-1600  11805 KCH 300 kW  75 deg to CeAS Kazakh
via SDR Novosibirsk, Russia remotedly.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, direct and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 9)

MONGOLIA   QSL  The Voice of Mongolia responded with a postcard with the
image of Genghis Khan for a series of reports. He listened to the programs
of the English section in Ulan-Ude in July, October 2020.

(Igor Kolke, Moscow-RUS, via RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

MYANMAR   5985 kHz  Myanmar Radio Rangoon at *1154 UT on May 7. Seems that
one of the Myanmar transmitters is not working. Normally in the past, both
5985 and 9730 kHz each had separate transmitters, evidenced by both
frequencies often heard on the air at the same time, but recently as soon
as 9730 kHz closes down, 5985 kHz starts operating; today 9730 kHz, went
off at 1154* UT, continuing on with their new schedule (ex: 1130* UT).
May 8, heard 9730 kHz, with 1156* UT and 5985 kHz, with *1156 UT.

Later on May 7 - Checking for the Friday edition of "Say It In English";
heard at 1243-1256 UT; "What is the best way to London? (way to the air-
port?) ... What do you think I should do? ... Can you recommend a good
hotel? (a good restaurant?) (a good book?) ...," "Tom" has to travel to
Guildford on business and "Kate" wants to come along, but they get caught
in a traffic jam; semi-readable.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

NETHERLANDS   Registered A21 schedule for Mike Radio from Heerde site
 3940  1600-2100 Daily  Alt freq 5810
 4895  1600-2100 Daily  Alt freq 5810 6195
       0600-1300 Sun    Alt freq 5810
15070* 1300-1900 Sun    Alt freq 5810
*Planned, from 1 June. In practice transmission time is variable.
(HFCC/Anker Petersen-DEN, via
BrDXC-UK 'Communication'  DX News - Short Wave Edited by
Dave Kenny-UK -  <news@bdxc.org.uk>  May 9)

NETHERLANDS   6020 kHz  Radio Delta International, *0600- UT, May 09,
identification, pop and rock songs, more ID and e-mail address for
reception reports. 35433.

Radio Delta team refurbished this beautiful vintage 1959 Rhode & Schwarz
SK080 AM broadcast transmitter. We used this transmitter in the past.
(Manuel Mendez-Friol-ESP, wor May 9)

NEW ZEALAND   15720.011 kHz Radio NZ Pacific Rangitaiki English talk,
S=8-9 signal into north eastern US states area, 23.00-05.58 UT, interview
noted at 01.57 UT on May 7, talk of 4000 rebells in Colombia?

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

PHILIPPINES/THAILAND  Reception of Voice of America VOA via US AGM
Tinang-PHL and Udorn Thani-THA Ban Dung relay sites
via SDR Novosibirsk Kiwi_Net remotedly on May 4
1130-1200 11700 PHT 250 kW 283 deg to SoEaAS Rohingya Mon-Fri, very good
1130-1200 12030 UDO 250 kW 300 deg to SoEaAS Rohingya Mon-Fri, fair/good
On Sat/Sun VoA English instead.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 5)

ROMANIA   5945 kHz  RRI (Bacau Galbeni site ) at 2213 UT // 7310 kHz (Very
Good via Galbeni beamed to Western Europe as is 5945 kHz) and 9790 kHz
(Fair via Tiganesti site beamed to Japan) with Daniel Bilt introducing
several "Radio Newsreel" reports - Fair May 3.

// 7325 kHz (beamed to Japan via Tiganesti site) was not heard probably
due to the transmitter breakdowns that are still being dealt with.

7375 kHz  RRI (Tiganesti site) at 0000UT with opening music and a man with
ID, target area, web platforms, and satellite reception info and a woman
with news at 0001 UT - Very Good May 4.

// 9550 kHz (via Tiganesti site) was not heard due to transmitter break-
downs that are still being dealt with.

13650 kHz RRI (Tiganesti site) at 2027 UT with IS to opening music at
2030 UT and a man with ID, target area, web platforms, and satellite
reception info and a woman with news at 0001 UT - Very Good May 3.

// 11850 kHz (via Tiganesti site) was not heard probably due to trans-
mitter breakdowns that are still being dealt with.
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

ROMANIA   RRI Tiganesti_#1 auf 15130 kHz ist noch ausser Betrieb,
ab 11.00 UT English, beide Galbeni aber in Betrieb und 17670 kHz auch.

11650 kHz Spanish 2100-2200 UTC laeuft fuer die Dauer des Ausfalls von
Tiganesti-TX1 ersatzweise via Galbeni-TX2.

// 9620 kHz DRM laeuft weiter - wie vorgesehen - via Tiganesti-TX2
(DRM-Label zeigt dabei faelschlich "SNR Tiganesti E1" an).

(Alexander Busneag-D, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

ROMANIA   R Romania Internat. still missing a transmitter Tiganesti tx#1

Still not hearing anything from RRI English on 9550 kHz at 0000 UT May 11,
so appears the second Tiganesti transmitter #1 is still out of service.
Been gone for over two weeks, so must be a major problem, or perhaps parts
slow to arrive? Meanwhile good signal on 7375 kHz, while the two Galbeni
transmitters on 7420 and 9730 kHz provide solid reception for the Romanian
language broadcast at the same hour.
(Stephen Luce-TX-USA, wor May 11)

News from the site  <https://sputnik-abkhazia.ru/news/>

Half a century on the Abkhaz radio: the life story of Semyon Adleyba.

Semyon Adleiba has worked as a correspondent for the Abkhaz radio for over
50 years. In his work, he was most interested in topics related to
history, architectural monuments, tourism.

Honored journalist of Abkhazia, holder of the Order of Akhdz-Apsha (Honor
and Glory) lll degree, member of the national liberation movement of the
Abkhaz people Semyon Adleiba passed away on May 3. Read about what trace
Semyon Adleiba left in domestic journalism and what human qualities he
possessed in the Sputnik article ... Read more in Russian:


Abkhaz radio on the "mainland".

Read about the work of the Abkhaz radio during the Patriotic War of the
people of Abkhazia in 1992-1993 in the material of the correspondent of
Sputnik ... Read more in Russian:

Sukhum says, or 85 years on the air. The journalist, Doctor of Philology
Ekaterina Bebia spoke about the origins of the creation of the Abkhaz
radio, the first phrase in the Abkhaz language on the air, the first
announcer and the "Abkhaz Levitan" on the birthday of the Abkhaz radio ...
Read more in Russian:

Abkhaz radio: broadcasting to Abkhazia and letters from Europe.
Abkhaz radio celebrates its 85th anniversary on April 30. On the eve of
this festive date, Susana Sadzba, who has worked for 17 years on the
Abkhaz radio, shared her memories ... Read more:
(Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

RUSSIA   Radio Day 2021: history and traditions of the holiday.

Radio Day is a professional holiday for workers in all branches of
communications, radio engineering and radio journalism, annually celebrat-
ed on May 7 in Russia and in some CIS countries. Radio technicians and all
those whose work is related to the communications industry, on their
professional holiday on May 7, receive congratulations from representa-
tives of the authorities, family, colleagues, friends and relatives. From
Sputnik Georgia you will find out who invented radio, the history of Radio
Day, and the traditions of the holiday ...

photo: Sputnik / Vladimir Pesnya | text: sputnik-georgia.ru
Details in Russian - Source:
<http://onair.ru/main/enews/view_msg/NMID 80081/>
(OnAir.ru; via A. Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

In honor of Radio Day, Petersburgers will lay flowers at the monument to

On Friday, May 7, at 14:00 in St. Petersburg on Kamennoostrovsky Prospekt,
a flower-laying ceremony will take place at the monument to Alexander
Popov, timed to coincide with Radio Day, the press service of the
Committee on Science and Higher Education said. The organizer of the
action is the St. Petersburg State Electrotechnical University "LETI".

The ceremony will be attended by representatives of the city's executive
bodies, heads and students of civil and military universities, the media,
museums, enterprises, public organizations, as well as radio amateurs,
residents and guests of the city.

The event will be hosted by Larisa Zolotinkina, Honored Worker of Culture
of the Russian Federation and Head of the Museum Complex of ETU "LETI"
On May 7 (April 25, old style), 1895, at a meeting of the Russian Physico-
chemical Society at St. Petersburg University, Alexander Stepanovich Popov
demonstrated the possibility of transmitting and receiving a sequence of
short and long signals using electromagnetic waves at a distance. The name
of the scientist is inextricably linked with the St. Petersburg State
Electrotechnical University "LETI".

In 1897, within the walls of the Electrotechnical Institute, he made a
report on wireless telegraphy, in 1901 he became a professor of physics at
ETI, in 1905 - the first elected director of the institute. A.S. Popov's
discovery was highly appreciated in Russia. Localities, streets, enter-
prises, educational institutions, awards, diplomas and a small planet are
named after him.

Monuments were erected to the scientist in St. Petersburg, Moscow,
Rostov-on-Don, Yekaterinburg, Ryazan, Peterhof, Kronstadt, Odessa, Perm,
Kotka (Finland) and on the island of Gogland. Taking into account the role
of radio in the cultural and political life of society and its special
importance for the defense of the country, in May 1945, by a resolution of
the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, it was decided to
establish on May 7 a public holiday, Radio Day.
photo: etu.ru | text: spbdnevnik.ru
<http://onair.ru/main/enews/view_msg/NMID 80061/>
(via A. Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

The inventions of A.S. Popov.

A. Popov's inventions were based on the scientific foundation created by
the great physicists M. Faraday and D. K. Maxwell, the results of whose
research he learned while still a student at St. Petersburg University.

A.S. Popov got acquainted with the works of contemporary scientists as a
teacher of the Mine officer class (1883 - 1901). Since 1889, A.S. Popov
repeated the experiments of G. Hertz and investigated the physical
processes associated with electromagnetic radiation. Having made a Hertz
vibrator (a source of electromagnetic waves) and a Hertz resonator (an
indicator of such waves), Popov in 1890-1895. repeatedly demonstrated the
experiments of the German scientist at his lectures in St. Petersburg and
Kronstadt ... Full text in Russian -

Radio Day is celebrated on May 7 in honor of the first demonstration of
the invention of the Russian scientist Alexander Popov.

On May 7, Russia celebrates Radio Day. In honor of the holiday, festive
lighting will be turned on at the stations of the Russian television and
radio broadcasting network in the regions. This was reported in the press
service of the RTRS. Festive artistic lighting will include TV towers in
Belgorod, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Kirov, Penza, Perm, Rostov-on-Don,
Ryazan, Samara, Saransk, Tver, Tula and Chelyabinsk. In addition, the
Mayak and Vesti FM radio logos will be launched on the TV tower in Sochi,
and a festive postcard will appear on the Ostankino tower in Moscow.
Radio Day in Russia is celebrated by radio operators, television men,
signalmen, engineers, students and teachers of the radio physics faculties
of Russia, as well as radio amateurs. sensaciy.net
<http://onair.ru/main/enews/view_msg/NMID 80078/>
(via A. Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

SPAIN   REE Madrid, live coverage football match via Nobeljas shortwave
center outlets.

Tonight live coverage of UEFA Champions League semi final match
Chelsea London  vv  Real Madrid clubs, til 21.15 UT on

11685 S=8 in GRC, S=9 in Bao Vista RR Brazil, S=9 in Iceland.
11940 S=9+5 in GRC, KWT, Antilles,
      S=9+20 or -51dBm in Bao Vista RR Brazil, S=9+5dB in Iceland.
15520 S=9+10dB in GRC, in Bao Vista RR Brazil, in Iceland.
17855 S=7 in GRC, S=9 in Antilles, S=9+10dB Bao Vista RR Brazil,
      S=9+35dB -42dBm in Iceland Kiwi_Net remotedly.
[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews hcdx / May 5)

SPAIN   Seldom {late} strong REE Noblejas music program on 11940even kHz
at 01.50 UT on May 7, S=9 or -74dBm in MI, NY, MA states, 10.8 kHz wide-
band audio block mx program. May 7.
[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

SRI LANKA   15410 kHz  Thur May 6, at 0304-0315 UT, Adventist World Radio,
via SLBC Trincomalee-CLN site, in Oromo. Man talks, preaching, presumably;
0309 UT  A short hymn song and returns man communication. Fair to poor
(Jota Xavier-Paraiba-BRA, hcdx May 6)

SWITZERLAND    HB90BERO erinnert an den Landessender Beromuenster.

HB90BERO erinnert an den Landessender Beromuenster.

Am 11. Juni 1931 wurde der Landessender Beromuenster erstmals in Betrieb
genommen. Damals noch mit einer T-Antenne, aufgespannt an zwei 125m
hohen Tuermen. Die Leistung betrug 60 kW, gesendet wurde auf 653 kHz. Im
Jahr 1937 wurde dann der heute noch bestehende, 215m hohe Sendeturm in
Betrieb genommen. Insbesondere waehrend dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wurde diese
Radiostation in ganz Europa geschaetzt fuer ihre neutrale Bericht-
erstattung. Die Anlage wurde am 31. Dezember 2008 vollstaendig

Die heute in Beromuenster lebenden YL's und OM's - immerhin neun an der
Zahl - feiern den 90. Geburtstag der Inbetriebnahme mit dem Sonder-
rufzeichen HB90BERO. Zwischen 1. Mai und 31. Juli 2021 wird auf allen
zugelassenen Baendern und Modi Betrieb gemacht:
SSB, CW, FM/AM, auch FT8 und andere digitale Modi, direkt und ueber

Quellen u.a.:

(73 de Jan, DG+JBA, A-DX groups.io May 4)

HB90BERO erinnert an MW-Sender Beromuenster
Vor fast 90 Jahren ging die Station auf Sendung.

Am 11. Juni 1931 wurde der Landessender Beromuenster erstmals in Betrieb
genommen. Damals noch mit einer T-Antenne, aufgespannt zwischen zwei
125 m hohen Tuermen. Die Sendeleistung auf Mittelwelle betrug anfangs
60 kW. Im Jahr 1937 ging ein heute noch stehender 215 m hoher Sendeturm
in Betrieb.

Insbesondere waehrend des Zweiten Weltkriegs wurden die Sendungen aus
Beromuenster von Hoerern in ganz Europa geschaetzt fuer ihre neutrale

Zum Jahresende 2008 beendete der Betreiber die Ausstrahlungen auf der
Frequenz 531 kHz und schaltetet den Sender ab; Sendungen auf 1566 kHz
endeten bereits 1992. Der Hauptsendeturm steht weiterhin auf dem Blosen-
berg und wurde unter Denkmalschutz gestellt.

Die heute in Beromuenster lebenden Funkamateure feiern den 90. Geburtstag
der Inbetriebnahme des Landessenders Beromuenster mit einer Sonderstation
und dem Sonderrufzeichen HB90BERO. Funkbetrieb ist vom 1. Mai bis 31. Juli
2021 auf allen Amateurfunkbaendern in diversen Sendearten geplant, direkt
und ueber Satellit QO-100. Auf Anforderung ist eine Sonder-QSL-Karte ueber
Club Log erhaeltlich.
(Red. Funkamateur/-joi, May 2)

TAIWAN   9774 kHz  Fu Hsing BS, from April 22, including May 3, have noted
the absence of their transmitter on 9410 kHz; clearly not broadcasting
recently. Am only hearing them on 9774 kHz, before 0900 UT.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 3)

TAIWAN   9774 kHz  Fu Hsing BS, 0833-1000* UT on May 7 (Friday).
Sign off time here varies a great deal; seems to be either about 0900 UT
or 1000 UT; tuned into a very weak signal, but slowly improved; Chinese
announcers and some EZL Chinese songs; am still not hearing any carrier
on clear 9410 kHz, which had been a second frequency for them.

Are they repairing or doing maintenance on the 9410 kHz transmitter?
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

TAIWAN   9774 // 15375 kHz, Fu Hsing BS, at 0753-0859* UT on May 11. Tuned
in to a very weak signal on 9774 kHz, and finally remembered to check
// 15375 kHz, which I rarely remember to do; found it much better than
9774 kHz; positive // reception; at 0855 UT, noted both of them about
equal strength, when I was also able to confirm that their third frequency
of 9410 kHz, continues to be off the air, as recently noted. Very pleased
today to find 15375 kHz doing so well.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 11)

TAIWAN   Since the beginning of May, the Russian service of Radio Taiwan
International has changed the broadcast schedule. New headings have been
introduced and some of the headings have disappeared from the broadcasting
grid. In particular, on Mondays there is a new heading -
"On a light wave", on Saturdays - "Bulletin of the music lover".
(From the program "Sunday Show with Russian MRI Service" / May 2; via
Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

TURKEY   Turkey marks 94th anniversary of its first radio broadcasting.

Turkey celebrated Radio Day on the 94th anniversary of the start of radio
broadcasting in the country. Radio broadcasting in Turkey started 94 years
ago today with the first announcement," Turkey's Presidential
Communication Director Fahrettin Altun wrote on Twitter.

"Our radios, which have been working devotedly to bring our beloved nation
together with the truth for years, have become one of the most important
parts of our lives," he added.

Altun also congratulated all radio workers on Radio Day too.

Tuerkiye Radyolar? (Radios of Turkey) has started first radio test broad-
casts in 1926, with a studio built in Istanbul. The first radio broadcast
in the country, however, began on May 6, 1927.

In the same year, the connection of Istanbul to New York City, London,
Berlin, Vienna, Moscow and Tehran was established.

As of 2021, the number of radios that are officially broadcasting in the
country is 933, according to the data from the Radio and Television
Supreme Council (RTUeK).

(via Mike Terry-UK, wor May 8)

UKRAINE   Two religious radio stations broadcast only in the OIRT band.

Radio Maria began broadcasting in Ukraine on 1 June 2010 on 69.68 MHz in
Kiev. In ten years, the number of active frequencies in the OIRT band has
risen to 11. The station has branches and transmitters in seventy
countries worldwide.

The installations of two religious radio stations remain active; at the
moment they only have frequencies in the OIRT band and therefore it is
likely that they will not be switched off, since listeners still have
devices and car radios to receive the programs broadcast in this band. To
date, the Catholic Radio Mariya has 11 different frequencies, Svitle Radio
Emmanuyil (close to the Pentecostal Church) has 8, while Golos Nadiyi
("Voice of Hope", an Adventist radio station) has only 4 in the OIRT band
and 3 in the "new" FM band and it can be assumed that it takes over some
of the licenses issued by the NSTU.


Analogue TV channels remain on air - for political reasons.
On the website of the National Council of Television and Radio
Broadcasting of Ukraine, there is a report of a 2019 meeting in which one
of the members, Serhii Kostynskyi, proposes to continue broadcasting in
the territories bordering Russia and near occupied Crimea.

As a curiosity, the OIRT FM band is adjacent to a band used for TV and
there are still some analogue TV channels on air, and can be received on
65.75 MHz (the audio frequency related to the TV channel R2). It seems in
fact that not all analogue Ukrainian TV stations have completed the switch
off; moreover Ukrainian authorities intend to keep on analogue
transmissions serving the Donbass area and in several settlements in the
Kherson region near occupied Crimea (for obvious political reasons).
by Franco Martelli, part 2-continues
(Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

UNDENTIFIED    re - Glenn's UNID carrier on 7125 kHz.
Hi Glenn, Yes, it seems to me it could be a possible broadcaster on
7125 kHz ? On May 10, listening from 0604 UT till tuned out at 0614 UT,
heard a steady AM carrier; did not make out any definite modulation, if
any. As you noted, also off the air a short time later. Didn't seem to fit
the format to be a ham? More monitoring needed.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 10)

U.K.   Buying Radios from Europe.

In the May issue of Communication David Harris seems confused about buying
radios from Europe above a certain price level due to Brexit. It's worth-
while to explain what the actual situation is.

As part of an EU initiative, which HMRC has applied early, all purchases
below ?135 will have VAT applied by the retailer and the retailer has to
make a VAT declaration to the VAT authority of each country to which it
supplies. This imposes a large administrative burden on small retailers
which may preclude them exporting outside of their own country. As a
(possibly unintended) consequence of these new rules by summer many small
suppliers will not want to sell goods under ?135 to customers in the EU or
UK because, as one US vendor said:  "it is not worth the effort".

How it is supposed to work with vendors registering for VAT in every
individual EU/UK country is a mystery. Maybe we will all end up using
Amazon and eBay and not buying direct any more? The large warehouse plat-
forms have the infrastructure to apply and account for VAT on all
purchases at point of purchase.

As the UK has now left the EU purchases over GBP135 will not have VAT
applied by the vendor. The VAT will be collected along with a handling fee
by the carrier in the same way as imports from the USA. There is of course
no import duty due to the withdrawal agreement. However as with parcels
from the USA sometimes they get through without the carrier bothering to
collect the VAT. Reports are already emerging of this happening with EU

So perhaps David should have written: "As a consequence of Brexit you may
be able to import radios from the EU without VAT being charged. It's
likely VAT will be charged but you have a chance it won't be".
(Stuart Heathcock-UK  <satnipper>  - BrDXC-UK newsgroup May 9)

Re:  Buying Radios from Europe.

I think that another reason why the likes of Amazon and e-bay are able
to cope with VAT complications is that they are already geared-up to
dealing with differing rates of sales-tax in the 50 US states, so
dealing with 30 or so European countries is not such a big problem. My
son works in the US and says that it's never clear to him, when buying
on the net, whether sales tax is applied at the vendor's state rate or
correctly-adjusted for the buyer's state.
(Ian Brooks, Verwood-Dorset-UK, BrDXC-UK newsgroup May 9)

USA   9395 kHz  RAE (via WRMI Okeechobee, FL state) at 0100 UT with multi-
lingual IDs and a man with "Argentina to the World" with program high-
lights for "This program on Wednesday April 21st, 2021" followed by
general talk about the station dealing with COVID-19 to 0104 UT then news
- Very Good May 4.

Considering how bad the COVID-19 virus and its variants have hurt South
America - especially Argentina and Brazil - and the restrictions facing
on-air staff I guess there's no guarantee this one will air a current
program from time to time.
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

5850 kHz  Radio Prague International (via WRMI Okeechobee, FL state) at
2330 UT with ID and Daniela Lazarova with news and weather to 2333 UT and
Brian Kennety introducing the feature reports - Good May 3.
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

5850 kHz  AWR (via WRMI Okeechobee, FL state) at 0131 UT with Jeff White
hosting "Wavescan" and into Ray Robinson's report on the Independence
Centary International Exposition held in Brazil between 1922 and 1923 and
radio station SPC that covered the Exposition - Very Good May 4
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

5850 kHz  Radio Slovakia International (via WRMI Okeechobee, FL state) at
0000 UT // 7780 kHz (Fair to Good via WRMI Okeechobee, FL state) with
"Slovakia Today" with Martina Simkovicova with news to 0035 UT and Anca
Dragu introducing the feature reports - Very Good May 4.
(Mark Coady-ON-CAN, naswa list via gh wor via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 4)

USA   WMLK Radio announced on their F_B page on 16 April that their
new 300 kW Ampegon SW transmitter is now on their site at Bethel,
Pennsylvania, USA state, and awaiting installation. Has been off air
since a fire in 2017, look out for transmissions possibly in the near
future on 9275 kHz.
(via BrDXC-UK 'Communication'  DX News - Short Wave Edited by
Dave Kenny-UK -  <news@bdxc.org.uk>  May 9)

USA   AWR Adventist World Radio - 'Voice of Hope'.
I haven't been able to catch them this season. This season Adventist World
Radio no longer broadcasts in Russian, according to their schedule.
Is this so and someone listened to them on HF?
(Rumen Pankov-BUL, "deneb-radio-dx" via
Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

Especially in recent days I listened to 12090 kHz at 1100-1130 UT and 9895
kHz (2000-2030 UT). At least on them this season Russian broadcasts should
go (taken from


Yes: both of these broadcasts are gone. I tried it - both live and with
several SDRs. Not anywhere. Looks like: really stopped.
(Igor Ashikhmin, Primorskiy kray-RUS, "deneb-radio-dx" via
Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

On the station's website
the latest programs are dated March 27, 2021.
(Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

This is the answer came from AWR.

Dear Konstantin, thank you for contacting Adventist World Radio.

I have good news for you: while our AWR Russian program is not airing via
shortwave this season, our podcast is available online, all current
episodes from March 28 onward, are available here:


All episodes before March 27, are available here:


We also have a new 14 episode series available here:
(Konstantin Aseev, Kursk-RUS, "deneb-radio-dx" via
Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

USA   Others ... 6159.914 kHz WBCQ discussion on Putin politics, talk of
Ukrainian army limitation in black sea at 01.26 UT on May 7.

5800even  Radio Taiwan International in Spanish via Okeechobee relay,
01.00-01.30 UT S=9+25dB signal, 10.4 kHz wideband audio block, nice WRMI
transmitter performance at 01.20 UT May 7th.

3215even  WWCR-1 in English, S=8 in Florida, at 01.12 UT on May 7.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 7)

USA   WWCR-1 Brother HySTAIRical TOM via SDR Frostburg MD USA remotedly
May 7 from 0900 UT on 3215 kHz WCR 100 kW  46 deg to EaNoAM English,
very strong.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 7)

USA   5800 kHz  Thur May 6, at 0227-0237 UT.  RAE Argentina al Exterior,
Okeechobee-FL, in English. A recorded musical program with an Argentinian
female singer and your songs. Fair reception.

9955 kHz  Thur May 6, at 0216-0226 UT, Radio Praga International, Okee-
chobee-FL, in Spanish. Woman and man announcers say about current Czech
themes. Fair reception.

21525 kHz  Thur May 6, 2022-2032 UT, PAB Radio Africa, Okeechobee-FL, in
English. Man Pastor makes your christian preaching; 2029 UT Pastor says ID
and POBox and repeats at 2031 UT. Good reception.
(Jota Xavier-Paraiba-BRA, hcdx May 6)

USA    WLC Radio - changes on WBCQ Maine 9330 kHz.

Changes to languages / targets for 9330 kHz from WBCQ Maine.

0100-0300 Ea.USA
0300-0600 Ce.USA
0900-1000 U.K.
1300-1400 We.Canada
1400-1500 We.USA
1500-1700 Ea.Canada
1700-1900 U.K.

0800-0900 France

1900-2200 Germany

2200-2300 Angola / Mozambique
2300-0100 Brazil
1100-1200 Portugal

0600-0800 So.America
1000-1100 Spain
1200-1300 Ce.America

English to the U.K. was almost inaudible on 9330 kHz at the former start
time of 1600 UT, which is likely why the reshuffle was made. I'm hearing
a rather weak signal during the 1700-1900 UT time slot.

It seems they still haven't worked out how to use the transmitter/antenna
on higher frequencies. The newly registered 13570 kHz has not been put
into use in spite of being the optimum frequency for the summer season in
the northern hemisphere.
(Alan Holder, G4ZBH; Isle of Wight, U.K., wor May 11)

UZBEKISTAN   7530 kHz Voice of Martyrs, via RRTM Telecom Tashkent, Korean,
May 03 at 2125 UT. Instrumental music, talk by male and female voices
speakers, sign-off on 2130 UT. Tx w/76? Az to North & South Korea.
(Rudolf Grimm-SP-BRA, hcdx May 7)

UZBEKISTAN   Radio Iran International on 12019.8v kHz via RRTM Telecom
Tashkent, May 5:
from 0425 UT 12019.8v kHz TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi,
very good signal via SDR Tambov RUS. 02.30-06.00 UT
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 5)

UZBEKISTAN   15599.835 kHz noted today May 5th, at 11.25 UT
Radio Iran International via RRTM Telecom Tashkent bcast center.
In Kuwait and Qatar local signal strength remotedly
approx. S=9+10dB or -64dBm fair signal.  06.00-12.00 UT ?

15629.834 kHz noted today May 5th, at 13.38 UT
Radio Iran International via RRTM Telecom Tashkent bcast center.

In Kuwait and Qatar local signal strength remotedly
approx. S=9+15dB fair signal. 12.00-16.00 UT May 5th ?

Radio Iran International on 9929.895v kHz at 00.08 UT
via RRTM Telecom Tashkent, on May 6, TAC 100 kW 236 deg azimuth
to WeAS Persian, S=9+5dB in Delhi India remoted SDR installation.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 5 / 6)

Re:  Radio Iran International from London via Tashkent UZB.

UZBEKISTAN   What happened in RRTM Telecom Tashkent site frequency-wise
of Radio Iran International London between 06.06 and 07.30 UT this
morning ?

The 5th transmitter unit of odd frequency settlement at RRTM Tashkent
in use again in 25 meterband, but not in 19 mb today:

Radio Iran International on 12019.844 kHz at 05.45 UT
via RRTM Telecom Tashkent, May 10, TAC 100 kW 236 deg azimuth
to WeAS Persian,  S=9+5dB in Delhi India and Doha Qatar
remoted SDR installation.

15600even kHz used now at 06.06 UT on May 10. Both S=9+10dB on sidelobe in
Delhi India and Doha Qatar SDR's this morning.

Moved again to another different Tashkent TX unit and appeared on
odd frequency of 15599.835 kHz, S=9+10dB in Doha Qatar and
Delhi India. at 07.30 UT on May 10
0600-1330 NF15599.835 TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi,

but May 10 before at 06.06 UT even frequency instead
0600-1330 NF15600even TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 10)

Probably full schedule is on May 10:
0230-0600 NF12019.844 TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi, ex 5830v kHz

0600-1330 NF15599.835 TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi, ex11550v kHz
but May 10
0600-1330 NF15600even TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi.

1330-1600 NF15629.834 TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi, ex 5830v kHz

1600-0230 NF 9929.895 TAC 100 kW 236 deg to WeAS Farsi, ex 5830v kHz
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 10)

UZBEKISTAN    Reception of Voice of Martyrs on 9929.8v kHz
via RRTM Telecom Tashkent, May 10
1200-1230  9929.895 TAC 100 kW   76 deg to NoEaAS Korean,
very good signal via SDR Tambov-RUS KIWI_net remotedly.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 10)

Radio Free North Korea on 11509.8v kHz via RRTM Telecom Tashkent, May 10
1300-1400  11509.8v TAC 100 kW   76 deg to NoEaAS Korean, good+jammer
good signal via SDR Tambov-RUS KIWI_net remotedly.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX Topnews May 10)

VANUATU   Re:  Radio Vanuatu - New schedule (5040 kHz fundamental).
Bryan Clark (New Zealand) kindly checked for the new Radio Vanuatu
schedule. His reply on May 10:

"Yes, listening here in Mangawhai - 3945 kHz closed at 2059:30 UT, and
5040 kHz opened at 2059:34 UT - decent carrier, but poor audio given the
daylight signal path."
Thanks to Bryan for updating the new schedule. Of course for those of us
in NoAM, we have to contend with a strong Bauta Cuba on 5040 kHz most of
the time.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 10)

May 11 - Tuned in to hear Radio Vanuatu at 0600 UT, back again on 3945 kHz
(just carrier), 7890 kHz harmonic, with news headlines and 11835 kHz
harmonic, mixing equally with CNR2. So yesterday was just an anomaly and
not a new schedule?
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 11)

VIETNAM   9730 kHz  QSL  Voice of Vietnam, German Sce via Son Tay.
e-QSL: 9730 kHz, 18.30-18.57 UT, April 16, (reply May 7), Blog:
(KB - Konstantin Barsenkov, Sankt-Petersburg-RUS, "rusdxplus" &
"deneb-radio-dx" via RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)

12020 kHz  QSL  "Voice of Vietnam" from Son Tay site in Japanese language
sent a QSL-card for reception dated March 15, 2021 in Ulan-Ude at a
frequency of 12020 kHz.
(Igor Kolke, Moscow-RUS, via RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)



Here is a list of radio stations operating in the medium wave range,
which you can try to receive without any special tricks on an ordinary
average radio receiver.

The stations below were repeatedly accepted and accepted by me in the
North-West of Russia, however, the conditions of reception may be
different for everyone. The list contains the most powerful stations.

1. Vesti-fm 1413 kHz. Steady reception in the evening, at night and even
a couple of hours after sunrise.

2. Japan / Poland / Freedom. For gourmets. 1386 kHz. Broadcast from
Lithuania in the morning in the afternoon and in the evening until

3. Radio Eli. 1035 kHz. Religious broadcasting. Morning and evening.

4. TWR. 999 kHz. In the evening on schedule.

5. Radio of Transnistria. 621 kHz. Morning. On work days. Music and infor-
mation programs

6. Romania. The overwhelming majority of stations in this country are on
medium waves. (909, 1053, 1152, 1179, 1332, 1593 kHz) A lot of music is
broadcast at night.

7. China. 1521 kHz. Night. In general, this broadcast is for the Far East
and Siberia. But the signal "reaches" our latitudes as well. Especially in
the winter.

8. Radio Iasi. 1053 kHz. One of the Romanian stations. Music sounds in
abundance. (In St. Petersburg, Radio Maria broadcasts on this frequency.
As a result, in the evening hours it turns out a real mess).

9. Hungary. 540 kHz. Perhaps the most powerful medium wave transmitter
available today. Power 2000 kW.

10. Djibouti Horn of Africa. Voice of America. 1431 kHz. Night.
Not audible regularly. Suitable for lovers of modern rhythms.

11. Radio Sava. 1548 kHz. Night. For fans of exotic musicals (Arabic,
English and Latin American motives).

12. Radio Absolute. Great Britain. 1215 kHz. Night. Rock motives.
For gourmets.

13. "Talk Sport". Great Britain. Sports radio channel. 1053 / 1089 kHz.

14. Poland. 225 kHz. Very loud at night. Reception is also possible during
the day, but this depends on the conditions and opportunities
for admission.

P.S. Radio newspaper Slovo (828 kHz), Radio Maria (1053 kHz) and
I do not indicate "Radonezh" (684 kHz), since for me these stations
are local.

As they said on Radio Sweden: "We wish you good luck with your reception."
All the best !
For the convenience of identifying and clarifying the working hours of
stations, use the reference site below the link -


(Andrey Molokov, St. Petersburg-RUS  <https://vk.com/public158109176>  via
Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1132 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9)


Ramadan 2021 - This year have recently been checking the former RRI
frequencies for any new activity. None noted on 3344.86 kHz (RRI Ternate),
3905 kHz (RRI Merauke), 4789.98v kHz (RRI Fak Fak), 4869.9 kHz
(RRI Wamena), 4925 kHz (RRI Jambi) nor 7289.92 kHz (RRI Nabire). In past
years, Ternate often reactivated just for Ramadan, but no longer so.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 3)



16th Edition of the Global Radio Guide (Summer 2021) Now Available.

Sometimes in life, what is old becomes new again. Familiar names and
voices we long have placed into the recesses of our minds, suddenly spring
back to the forefront.

It can be that way with radio as well. What we sometimes consider to be
antique transmissions of a bygone era can re-emerge in a digital world, as
if time had merely paused. They ensnare the attention of both those who
were around for the glory days, as well as those hearing these signals for
the first time.

Such is the case with the recently resurfaced "Russian Woodpecker." The
Cold War-era stalwart that once placed its distinct signal across large
swaths of the HF band, is once again being heard amongst the crackles of
static on shortwave radios and SDRs around the world.

For those who want to be part of the action, Gayle Van Horn's 16th Edition
of her Amazon bestselling Global Radio Guide (Summer 2021) has all the
details you need to catch up with our vintage friend.

"My first thought was, 'I have heard this signal before,'" writes Teak
Publishing co-founder and editor of the Global Radio Guide (GRG), Larry
Van Horn, in his in-depth look into the return of Russia's famous Over-
The-Horizon-Radar (OTHR) transmissions. "It did not take long for me to
connect what I was hearing to the past and realize I was hearing a form of
the old Russian Woodpecker again."

Included in Van Horn's article is everything you need to become a grizzled
"woodpecker" expert: a historical review of Russia's OTHR system,
information on where in the world - and on the HF band - the newest
version of the Woodpecker is being heard, links to audio samples so you
know what to listen for, maps of transmitting locations and more.

Russia radars are not the only focus of this completely updated edition of
the GRG, though. Worldwide, tensions are continuing to escalate and - in
another case of what is old becoming new - people around the world are
once again turning to shortwave radio to place themselves on the front

With the help of the GRG, you can tune in shortwave broadcast stations
from hotspots such as China, Cuba, India, Iran, North/South Korea, Taiwan,
and many other counties. If you have a shortwave radio receiver, SDR or
Internet connection, pair it with this unique radio resource to know when
and where to listen to the world.

This newest edition of the GRG carries on the tradition of those before it
with an in-depth, 24-hour station/frequency guide with schedules for
selected AM band, longwave, and shortwave radio stations. This unique
resource is the only radio publication that lists by-hour schedules that
include all language services, frequencies, and world target areas for
over 500 stations worldwide.

The GRG includes listings of DX radio programs and Internet website
addresses for many of the stations in the book. There are also entries for
time and frequency stations as well as some of the more "intriguing"
transmissions one can find on the shortwave radio bands.

Larry Van Horn has also updated his now famous SDR Buyer's Guide, a must-
have compendium that helps you navigate through revolutionary world of
software-defined radios (SDRs), the digital frontier of the radio hobby.

Continuing with the theme of this 16th edition of the GRG: Gayle takes a
stroll into the seemingly not too distant past, into the role that radio
played during the Falkland Island War, even as new government leaders
within Argentina jockey for position to reclaim sovereignty over the

Spectrum Monitor magazine editor, Ken Reitz, dives into the rise and fall
of Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) on shortwave radio. Reitz gives the
rundown on where you can still find DRM signals on the shortwave bands,
even if you do not have a DRM-capable radio in your home.

Fred Waterer, also of Spectrum Monitor, checks in with a feature on one of
the great pastimes of shortwave radio - travelling the world without
leaving home. This is an especially poignant topic of discussion given the
current travel restrictions found in most of the world due to the COVID-19
pandemic. Waterer gives us a detailed RF-itinerary for circumnavigating
the globe via broadcasters on shortwave radio. While many of the station
names may be different than they once were, Waterer proves that there is
still plenty of diversity and culture to be found on the bands.

Whether you monitor shortwave radio broadcasts, amateur radio operators,
or aeronautical, maritime, government, or military communications in the
HF radio spectrum, this book has the frequencies to help you to hear it
all. Teak Publishing's Global Radio Guide "brings the world to you."

You can find this edition of the Global Radio Guide, along with all of our
titles currently available for purchase, on the Teak Publishing Web site
at <www.teakpublishing.com>
For a limited time, all previous editions of the Global Radio Guide will
also be available at a reduced price. Details will be available at

The 16th edition of the Global Radio Guide e-Book (electronic book only,
no print edition available) is available worldwide from Amazon and their
various international websites at


The price for this latest edition is US$8.99. Since this book is being
released internationally, Amazon customers in the United Kingdom, Germany,
France Spain, Italy, Japan, India, Canada, Brazil, Mexico and Australia
can order this e-Book from Amazon websites directly servicing these
countries. Customers in all other countries can use the regular Amazon.com
website to purchase this e-Book.

You can read any Kindle e-Book with Amazon's 'free' reading apps on
literally any electronic media platform. You do not have to own a Kindle
reader from Amazon to read this e-book. There are Kindle apps available
for iOS, Android, Mac and PC platforms. You can find additional details on
these apps by checking out this link to the Amazon website at

(ADXN646.pdf ; "Australian DX News" magazine May 2021; wwdxc May 7)


May 10, UTC morning log at SDR in NJ/NY/MI eastern states remotedly.

5025even CUB  Radio Rebelde Bauta site. Latin Rumba music program,
         S=9+10dB at 06.20 UT on Monday May 10th.
         20 kHz wideband audio block.

at 06.25 UT a lot of TOM Brother Stair sermon taped preaching outlets on

3215even kHz WWCR, powerhouse S=9+35dB, talk on former "Family Radio"
         program, and //
5850even WRMI, 5950even WRMI, 5890even WWCR - all sermon Roarer tapes,
5935even WWCR female pastor preached, 'University Radio?', - all S=9+35dB

5995even MLI  RTVM Bamako in French language, S=9 at 06.32 UT on eastern
         US states.

6060even CUB  DISTORTED TERRIBLE AUDIO signal, RHC English from Bauta site
         18 !  x  120 Hertz distance apart BUZZ audio strings -
         either sideband,
         visible on Perseus software screen.
6069.988 CAN  CRFX Toronto in English, S=9 in eastern US, talk program
         by two male presenter. 06.37 UT on May 10.
6100even CUB  RHC English from RadioCuba Bauta site, talked of Moldovan
         chappel, followed by Sports news at 06.39-06.40 UT,
         signal fair S=9 only at 310degrees azimuth, seemingly meant
         towards west coast states CA / BC instead.
and much, much stronger on
6165even CUB  RHC Bauta site outlet at 010 degrees at Chicago / New York ?
         much clean excellent audio quality, 20 kHz wideband audio signal
         block visible on Perseus software screen. S=9+25dB this morning.

6184.971 kHz MEX  XEPPM Radio Educacion Mexico D.F., Xylophone instrument
         music heard at 06.42 UT on May 10, S=8 or -80dBm.

and surprise, surprise much early 06-07 UT slot noted
7254.935 kHz NIG  Voice of Nigeria Abuja - in Hausa? - on air at 06.44 UT
         S=7-8 in New Jersey remotedly.
[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 10)


WRTH 2021 Update
The full and monitored A21 schedules can be downloaded from this link:



Right click the link and choose 'Save link as...' to save the file to your
hard drive.

This is a free download but please consider making a donation via the
Updates tab so that we can continue to produce these downloads.


"Sie erhalten nicht nur die vollstaendigen Sendeplaene, sondern die Datei
enthaelt zusaetzlich folgende Informationen:

Sendungen in ausgewaehlten Sprachen (Englisch. Franzoesisch, Deutsch,
Portugiesisch und Spanisch); Internationale DRM-Sendungen (ja, es gibt
noch welche); Internationale Sendefrequenzliste; Internationale
Senderstandorte, mit Breiten-/Laengenangaben; WRTH-Zielgebiete und
religioese Sender-Querverweistabelle"
(73 Christoph Ratzer-AUT  <https://ratzer.at>  May 11)

vy73 de Wolfgang, DF5SX -

Copyright Notice:

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Private Verwendung der Meldungen für Hobbyzwecke ist gestattet; jede kommerzielle Verwendung bedarf der Zustimmung des Newslettereditors.

"A-DX" - For information on the German language A-DX Mailing List go to: http://www.ratzer.at/a-dx

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